Publish America, LLP
Publish America is a Maryland-based book publisher founded in 1999 by Lawrence Alvin "Larry" Clopper III and Willem Meiners. It has been the subject of controversy because it has been accused of being a vanity press or author mill by some writers and authors' advocates despite its claims to be a "traditional" advance- and royalty-paying publisher. 
Critics argue that Publish America presents itself as a traditional house, but acts like a vanity publisher. Writers who contacted Publisher's Weekly in 2004 had complained that Publish America sells books to which it no longer holds the rights, offers authors only a 30% discount, doesn't pay royalties it owes, engages in slipshod editing and copyediting, sets unreasonable list prices (national average for a trade paperback is $16, PublishAmerica's is closer to $20 ), and makes little effort in getting books into bookstores.  On average, data indicates Publish America sells less than 100 copies of each title. 
While Publish America doesn't charge for printing the books, it does require authors to provide a list of friends and family, and then markets to them heavily, according to the authors. 
In 2004, after a representative of Publish America made derogatory remarks about the genre of Science fiction, a host of well-known sci-fi writers, headed by James D Macdonald conspired to prove the publisher a vanity press. At the time, the house claimed to reject 80% of all manuscripts submitted.
The result was a 41-chapter novel where each chapter was written by a separate author, except for 17 (repeat of Chapter 4), Chapter 21 (missing), and Chapter 34 (written by the Bonzai Story Generator). Authors worked from a loose outline that included an "it was all a dream" ending, and were encouraged to include "obvious grammatical errors and nonsensical passages". 
The manuscript was accepted for publication on 7 December 2004 without comment, despite the claim made by Publish America that "We read every single submission before we accept or refuse."
The Manuscript can be read here: Altanta Nights (Warning: PDF)
And the history (including the acceptance letter) is available at: The Critter's PublishAmerica page.