In the ever-evolving landscape of global commodities, aluminium has recently showcased notable resilience, underpinned by optimistic sentiments towards Chinese policy support. The metal, integral to various industries due to its versatility and sustainability, saw a price increase of 0.54% to close at 204.15. This uptick is largely attributed to strategic economic measures announced by China’s central bank governor, Pan Gongsheng, aimed at stimulating the world’s second-largest economy and, consequently, aluminium demand.
Economic Stimulus and Aluminium Demand
In a move to invigorate economic activity amidst seasonal lulls, the People’s Bank of China has unveiled a 50 basis points reduction in the reserve requirement ratio for banks, effective February 5. This policy is the first of its kind in the new year and is complemented by a 25 basis points cut in re-lending and re-discount rates targeting the rural sector and small businesses starting January 25. These measures are anticipated to alleviate economic challenges, fostering an environment conducive to increased aluminium consumption.
Global Production vs. Consumption Dynamics
The aluminium market’s dynamics are further elucidated by a report from the World Bureau of Metal Statistics (WBMS), highlighting a supply shortage of approximately 80,000 tons in November, as global primary aluminium production reached 5.8613 million tons against a consumption of 5.9714 million tons. This shortage starkly contrasts with a surplus observed in the initial 11 months of the preceding year. Moreover, the International Aluminium Institute (IAI) reports a 2.1% year-on-year increase in global primary aluminium output in December, underscoring the market’s robustness.
China’s Pivotal Role
China’s significant 28% increase in aluminium imports in 2023, as per customs data, reflects the country’s pivotal role in shaping the global aluminium market. This surge in imports is indicative of strong domestic demand and higher prices, emphasizing China’s position as the largest consumer market for the metal.
Market Technicals and Price Movements
The technical aspect of the aluminium market reveals signs of short-covering, with a 4.11% reduction in open interest to 3712, alongside a modest price increase. This scenario suggests a cautiously optimistic outlook among traders. Aluminium finds its immediate support at 203.1, with a potential downward breach testing the 202 level. Conversely, resistance is pegged at 205, with a breakthrough likely to explore the 205.8 threshold.
The Chinese government’s policy support acts as a significant catalyst for the aluminium market, instilling confidence among investors and industry stakeholders. As we navigate through these policy-induced adjustments, the aluminium market is poised for further resilience. The interplay between Chinese economic stimulus, global production and consumption trends, and market technicals will continue to shape the future trajectory of aluminium prices and market dynamics.